This article speaks about the system design. It also stresses the importance of system designing phase in the process of system development.
System designing in terms of software engineering has its own value and importance in the system development process as a whole. To mention it may though seem as simple as anything or simply the design of systems, but in a broader sense it implies a systematic and rigorous approach to design such a system which fulfills all the practical aspects including flexibility, efficiency and security. Systems design is the process of defining the architecture, components, modules, interfaces, and data for a system to satisfy specified requirements. Systems design could be seen as the application of systems theory to product development.
Before there is any further discussion of system design, it is important that some points be made clear. As it goes without saying that nothing is created that is not affected by the world in which it’s made. So, the systems are not created in a vacuum.
They are created in order to meet the needs of the users. They are not only intended to solve the existing problems, but they also come up with acceptable solutions to the problems that may arise in the future. The whole process of system development, from blueprint to the actual product, involves considering all the relevant factors and taking the required specifications and creating a useful system based on strong technical, analytical and development skills of the professionals.
Let’s get back to our discussion about what the system design phase is and the importance of system design in the process of system development. Being another important step in the system development process, system designing phase commences after the system analysis phase is completed. It’s appropriate to mention that the output or the specifications taken through the phase of system analysis become an input in the system design phase which in turn leads to workout based on the user defined estimations.
The importance of this phase may be understood by reason of the fact that it involves identifying data sources, the nature and type of data that is available. For example, in order to design a salary system, there is a need for using inputs, such as, attendance, leave details, additions or deductions etc. This facilitates understanding what kind of data is available and by whom it is supplied to the system so that the system may be designed considering all the relevant factors. In addition, system designing leads to ensure that the system is created in such a way that it fulfills the need of the users and keep them at ease being user-oriented. In terms of the flexibility, one of the main objectives of this phase is that it is intended to design such a system which can be dynamic in nature and responsive to the changes if required. Another important objective is that the phase of system designing is concerned with creating the system which can work efficiently providing the required output and being responsive to the time within a given time limit. The aspect of reliability and physical security of data cannot be ignored. With this respect, the system designing phase ensures security measures of the system effectively and efficiently.
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